Zhengzhou guomian old factory carrying three generation of cotton memory actv

Zhengzhou guomian old factory carrying three generation of "cotton" memories of rain, the old sisters go hand in hand in the four cotton factory in the vegetable market, perhaps a few decades ago, the two of them will work together about five cotton factory and mottled gate: Henan Daily reporter Tang Zhaojin report: Henan Daily reporter Tang Zhaojin Wang Jing Photography: Wu Zhixing Henan Daily reporter Tang Tao of Zhengzhou city Jianshe Road four cotton factory door, like an old man lying on the operating table, is Weidang wrapped up in blue. It’s doing plastic surgery. According to the schedule, at the end of next month to repair is completed. At that time, it will glow and reappear. Unfortunately, the living families of the four cotton factory by maintaining the door in the elderly, can not be like the door, back to the young. More than half a century ago, several old cotton mills in Zhengzhou set up young girls, young people, early become the grandmother of the mouth, grandfather, too grandma, too grandpa. Life has passed down from generation to generation, but the city has gradually lost its intersection with cotton mills. [cotton generation] she bought a train ticket from her mother to support construction in Zhengzhou, 1956, despite the opposition of her family, but the 20 year old Lu still hide his mother, secretly spent twelve pieces of five to buy a ticket, leaving his hometown, Jiangsu, Changzhou. She sat for three days and two nights on the train, came to Zhengzhou, into the then newly built three cotton factory. 60 years later, now 80 years old aunt Lu explained her reasons for not going on, but still remember the heart of a cavity, "just want to come."". In the 50s of last century, cotton mills in Zhengzhou’s cotton spinning road were springing up. In addition to the local neighborhood committee recruitment, Zhengzhou’s large cotton mills also supported by the field of construction, from Shanghai, Qingdao and other textile industry relatively developed coastal cities hired a large number of industrial workers. Tens of thousands of people have since entered the roaring textile workshop, becoming Zhengzhou’s "cotton generation"". A large number of textile masters came to support the construction, some of which were arranged by the organization, the whole family moved to Zhengzhou, and some people came alone, just like Lu Lu, who was now the land of lu. The "supporters" brought advanced technology and management methods, "May Day weaving method" is one of them, from the operation, to how to deal with the breakdown of the machine, are set in detail. They drive into the country each year with 78 year old Russian textile factory is a lotus, Zhengzhou three cotton factory of the first batch of employees. She heard that the three factory was built in accordance with the unified design drawings, "very advanced", the working environment is good, "chemical floor, a walk a soft", 16 year old local girl moved, and then reported the name. After simple training, I become a lotus cloth cloth folding machine shop. Her daily work, is to go back and forth, open the machine, closing machine, touch cloth, defect inspection. In order to catch production, half an hour of dining time is often compressed into more than ten minutes, "early boot, early production, increase production."". At that time, the workshop was also equipped with "sanitation and epidemic prevention station", workers will have a small illness in the workshop will be optimistic, in addition, the meal will also be specially sent from the canteen. All this is for efficient work. Because this hard work to eat, good work, a person can do two people live efficient, Mao Zilian in 1958

郑州国棉老厂 承载着三代“国棉人”的记忆雨中,这对老姊妹携手走在国棉四厂菜市场里,也许几十年前,她们俩就在一起工作呢国棉五厂斑驳的大门统筹:河南商报记者 唐朝金采写:河南商报记者 唐朝金王菁 吴智星摄影:河南商报记者 唐韬郑州市建设路国棉四厂的门头,像是一个躺在手术台上的老人,被蓝色的围挡裹得严严实实。它做的是整形手术。按照工期,下个月底能修缮完毕。那时,它将容光焕发,再现生机。可惜的是,由大门所护持的国棉四厂家属院中所居住的老人,已经不可能像这个门头一样,重回年轻。半个多世纪过去,郑州几家老棉纺厂建厂时的姑娘小伙,早变成晚辈口中的奶奶爷爷、太奶奶太爷爷。生命一代代传承,这个城市却渐渐与棉纺厂少了交集。【棉一代】她瞒着母亲买火车票来郑州“支援建设”1956年,尽管家人反对,但是20岁的小陆仍然瞒着母亲,偷偷花了十二块五买张车票,离开了自己的家乡江苏常州。她坐了三天两夜的火车,才来到郑州,进入当时刚刚建成的国棉三厂。60年过去,如今已经80岁的陆大娘解释不清自己一意孤行的原因,却仍记得内心的一腔热情,“就是想来”。在上世纪50年代,郑州市棉纺路上的棉纺厂陆续拔地而起。除了通过当地居委会招工,郑州的各大棉纺厂还以外地支援建设的方式,从上海、青岛等纺织业相对发达的沿海城市请来了大批产业工人。数万人自此走进了轰鸣的纺织车间,成为郑州的“棉一代”。那一大批前来“支援建设”的纺织高手,有些是服从组织安排,全家迁往郑州,也有的人是只身前来,就像当年的小陆、如今的陆大娘。那些“支援者”,带来了先进的技术和管理办法,“五一织布工作法”便是其中一种,从操作,到如何处理故障机器,都规定得很详细。他们干劲十足每年为国家贡献一个纺织厂今年78岁的毛子莲,是郑州国棉三厂的第一批职工。她听说三厂是按照统一的设计图纸建造,“先进得很”,工作环境好,“化学地板,一走一软”,16岁的本地小姑娘动了心,便报了名。经过简单培训后,毛子莲成为布机车间的一名布机挡车工。她每天的工作,就是来回走,开布机,关布机,用手摸布,检查疵布。为了赶产量,半个小时的用餐时间往往会压缩成十几分钟,“早点开机,就早点生产,提高产量”。当时,车间内部还配备“卫生防疫站”,工人生个小病在车间就能看好,此外,饭也会有人专程从食堂送来。这么干,全都是为了高效工作。因为这份抓紧吃饭好干活的勤奋、一人能干两人活的高效,毛子莲在1958年获得河南省劳动模范称号,并在1959年去北京参加了国庆十年观礼。众人拾柴火焰高,纺织机日夜运转,工人“三班倒”,在毛子莲等数万纺织工人的努力下,郑州国棉厂以超常规的速度发展起来,创下了每家企业“每年为国家贡献一个纺织厂”的惊人业绩。【棉二代】43岁的她为让儿子接班选择了提前退休为了让儿子赶上最后的接班政策,1981年,当时只有43岁的曹大娘选择了提前退休,“那个时候想进纱厂上班,相当不容易,谁都知道这是好工作。”除了接退休老人的班,进入纺织厂工作的途径还有技校统一组织的招工考试,以及上山下乡的棉纺厂子弟返城进厂。这些生于1955年到1965年的人,构成了郑州的“棉二代”群体。“棉二代”的进厂时间一般在上世纪80年代,这时正值郑州纺织行业经济效益最好时期,纺织业成为郑州市第一支柱产业和财政收入的重要来源。和现在的幼儿园不同,棉纺厂的“托儿所”分为两个园区,一个在生活区,“托幼儿”,一个在厂区,专门照看那些尚需要哺乳的婴儿。国棉五厂的职工谭晓晖还记得,她的女儿出生于1987年,她刚休完产假,就返回了工作岗位,“上班时孩子放在托儿所,工作间隙赶紧跑去喂奶。”繁荣过后的棉纺路成了令人伤感的“下岗一条街”上世纪90年代之前,“棉二代”的生活方式和父辈差别不大:厂子效益好,生产节奏快,企业的生产计划都由国家统一安排,每个棉纺厂都有食堂、澡堂、医院、学校、托儿所,除了工作,职工似乎不用操心任何事情。单调而充实的生活,让他们从来不考虑棉纺厂的未来,对“下岗”一词更是陌生。后来形势急转直下,计划经济下的棉纺厂越来越不能适应市场发展的需求。1999年的某天早上,国棉五厂职工走到单位门口,却发现厂门紧闭,门口贴通知表示即日起生产暂停,要求工人回家等候通知。1998年,国棉二厂首先宣告破产后,郑州的各棉纺厂先后被拍卖、收购和改组,昔日风光无限的工厂区,成了令人伤感的“下岗一条街”。【棉三代】他们中的大多数和棉纺厂不再有交集“棉二代”下岗时,常听到刘欢的歌,“心若在,梦就在,天地之间还有真爱。看成败,人生豪迈,只不过是从头再来。”大批棉纺厂职工被“买断工龄”,得了一笔补贴后自谋出路,在这个时候,这些下岗职工的孩子,大多刚上小学或初中。年幼的“棉三代”那时并不懂得,“辛辛苦苦度过半生,今夜重又走进风雨”的父母,正在经历怎样的人生转折。往后的近20年间,棉纺路发生了重大变化:国棉一厂、六厂厂房旧址上,已是高楼林立的新兴商圈;国棉三厂、四厂分别迁往中原纺织工业园区和中牟县白沙镇;国棉五厂进行改造,原址主要规划为地产项目。棉纺路上没了纺织厂,自然也没了严格意义上的“棉三代”。小王的奶奶和父母都是国棉五厂的职工,在棉纺路长大的她,已经多年没回过位于建设路五厂四街的老房子,“居民楼之间,到处是私搭乱建的铁皮房子,乱糟糟的,看着心里不好受。”她说。随着中部地区的发展进入了快速轨道,郑州受益于中原经济区、郑州航空港经济综合实验区、自贸区等国家战略,一跃成为“热点二线城市”。“棉三代”成了发展进程中重要的贡献者和受益者,尽管他们当中的绝大多数,无论是工作还是生活,都和棉纺厂不再有交集。【记者手记】近日的郑州,一直在下雨。棉纺路上,厂子的门头更显旧了。它们被保留下来,一直注视着郑州的前行。它们成了几代郑州棉纺人记忆里的一个点。这个点大多数时候在沉睡着,而一旦触摸它,激活它,它便会延伸成一条线,扩散出一个面。那些曾经鲜活了一个时代、激荡着一座城市的故事,从沉睡中苏醒了。【征集】你是“棉几代”?你是否还保留着郑州棉纺厂时代的珍贵照片和回忆?是否了解半个多世纪以来棉纺路背后的兴与叹?如果你想聊聊自己的故事,请联系:(河南商报)相关的主题文章: